In just 100 days, the FIFA World Cup will commence in the Middle East for the first time in the tournament’s history. Qatar 2022 will be a period of immense significance and enthusiasm for the footballing world and the region.

Qatar has been working to resolve the issue of migrant labor; since Qatar was granted the privilege to host the World Cup a decade ago, however, exploitation and abuse of these workers have been prevalent, with people subjected to forced labor, unpaid wages, and excessive working hours.

A worldwide event of this magnitude would necessitate Qatar to deploy enormous resources and rely on massive labor to construct new stadiums, highways, hotels, and other facilities and infrastructure to accommodate football fans worldwide.

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With migrant workers comprising more than 90 percent of the country’s workforce, it was evident that most of the responsibility for completing these projects would fall on the shoulders of individuals who traveled to Qatar for a better life.

Without the two million migrant laborers, Qatar would not be able to host the 2022 World Cup. As the tournament approaches, men and women, primarily from Africa and Asia, are constructing the stadiums, roads, and metro; they will provide security for the football events, transport fans to the games in taxis, meet them in hotels, and serve them in restaurants.

As per reports:

Qatar has a clear commitment to prevent and compensate for human rights violations. However, FIFA has critical obligations that we must all ensure it fulfills. By giving the World Cup to Qatar without requirements on increasing protections for workers’ rights, FIFA has contributed to widespread violations of human rights, extending beyond those employed to construct and maintain official FIFA sites. Following international rules, his should include those constructing or maintaining the stadiums, transit infrastructure, accommodations, and other tournament-related initiatives.

FIFA collaborates with Qatar and other partners to establish a mechanism to compensate hundreds of thousands of workers participating in World Cup-related construction projects.

According to official reports, Qatar spent $200 billion on the World Cup, FIFA is anticipated to gain $6 billion from the World Cup, and FIFA should reserve approximately $400 billion to compensate workers.

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The Qatari government signed an agreement with the International Labor Organization (ILO) in 2017, pledging to combat widespread labor exploitation, following years of increasing international criticism. 

As stated by the Officials, Qatar agreed with the International Labor Organization of the United Nations in November 2017, following years of empty promises (ILO); with a new office in Qatar, the ILO is collaborating with the government on a wide-ranging reform process involving five work streams: sponsorship system reform, access to justice, worker voice, health and safety, and pay and recruiting; 

Since 2017, the government has implemented many new laws intended to aid migrant workers, including introducing a statute for domestic workers, establishing new labor dispute bodies, and establishing a workers’ support and insurance fund.

During the World Cup 2022, beginning on November 21, 2022, when an estimated 1,2 million fans will visit Qatar, the possibility of such abuses remains considerable.

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